Royal Dowry Towns present themselves ...

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Royal and Dowry

We would like to present nine Czech towns which are said to be „royal and dowry“ … They belong to the most beautiful and most interesting Czech towns. All these towns had been bequeathed by Czech kings to their wives since the beginning of the 14th century. Hradec, Chrudim, and Vysoké Mýto were given to Elizabeth Richenza (in 1307), later Charles IV donated them to Elizabeth of Pomerania. The other towns acce-ded still later and in the end Nový Bydžov became a royal dowry town in 1569. In 1603 they were singled out from the other royal towns and they got under the administration of a special royal underchamberlain. The economical and political influence of these towns began to vanish after the Battle of the White Mountain (1621). But their legal form ceased to exist as late as in 1918, after the independent Czechoslovak state had been established. What can these towns offer you today? First of all rich traces of history connected with Czech queens. Complexes of outstanding monuments, museums, galleries, a lot of contemporary cultural and social events, festivals and feasts. And landscape beauties, places for leisure time, enjoyment …

Mělník e. g. is renown for growing vine. There is a zoo with the world known safari in Dvůr Králové, Braun's Nativity is also near. Trutnov - the entrance gate to the highest Czech mountains - the Krkonoše. Nový Bydžov takes pride in a number of Jewish monuments and discoveries of Peter Brandl's paintings.

You can find one of the largest squares in the country in Vysoké Mýto, in Polička, the birthplace of the world famous composer Bohuslav Martinů, a Middle Ages town fortification is situated, is in Chrudim the best-known European museum of marionettes. Jaroměř is know for its legendary Josephine fort. And finally Hradec Králové - an urban unity unique in Europe with many modern constructions in the Art Nouveau and Functionalism styles, the town was denoted as the „Salon of the Republic“ because of them.